Colic is defined as the manifestation of abdominal pain. One year study estimated the frequency and the risk factors that affect the appearance of colic in the horse population in the region of Tirana. Details of 72 colic episodes, collected prospectively, were analyzed for a period of one year. Analysis of reported cases of colic in this population of horses revealed 54% spasmodic/idiopathic; 4.2% surgical; 5.6% flatulent; 15.3 % impactions and 20.8 % enteritis or colitis. Data of this study showed no significant difference between sexes (P<0.05). This study showed different frequency of colic episodes based on the months of the year, explained by the Mediterranean climate of Albania. The occurrence of spasmodic/idiopathic colic in the horse population under study was similar to that of other studies. Little information is available about specific types of food or the measurement of specific nutrients in the food, such as minerals or fiber that cause colic in horses in Tirana Rural Areas. A greater understanding of the factors involved in the development of spasmodic/idiopathic colic episodes would be a great advancement in equine welfare in the region of Tirana.
Keywords: Colic, horses, frequency, season, equine welfare.