FLORINDA BALLA1*, ENKELEI BALLA2, KRISTAQ BËRXHOLI3
1Institute of Public Health, Department Control of Infectious Diseases, Tirana, Albania
2University Hospital Center “Mother Theresa”, Tirana, Albania
3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
HIV-human immunodeficiency virus and Tuberculosis ( TB) co-infections affect the health around the world and continue to be a major global public health worldwide. Tuberculosis (TB) now ranks alongside HIV as a leading cause of death worldwide. HIV and TB form a lethal combination, each speeding the other’s progress. The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of M.bovis infection among HIV co-infected patients. During the period of time 2004-2015, of the 751 patients infected with HIV, 40 were co-infected with HIV and TB during the period of time 2004-2015. By gender, TB in patients with HIV infection was 12.5 % among women and 87.5 % among men. The level of TB among patients with HIV infection was 5.3 % (40 cases out of 751 HIV positive cases in total). Specific weight of mortality in patients with HIV/TB co-infection during the period of time 2004-2015 was 45 % (18 cases out of 40 cases in total). The level of TB due to M.Bovis among HIV positive patients vas 2.6 % (one case out of 39 HIV positive MTBC-Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex cases in total). M.Bovis infection again continues remains a public health risk and impacts on the epidemiology of HIV and TB co-infection disease.