Citrus fruit cultivation in the Republic of Croatia

ANTE BIŠKO1*, MILAN POLJAK1
, ĐANI BENČIĆ2
, KRUNOSLAV. BRUS3
, DARIO IVIĆ4
and LEPOMIR
ČOGA1
1University of Zagreb,Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Nutrition, Svetošimunskacesta 25, Zagreb, Croatia
2University of Zagreb,Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Pomology, Svetošimunskacesta 25, Zagreb, Croatia
3Croatian Agency for Agriculture and Food, Institute for Seed and Seedling Osijek, Usorska 19, Croatia
4Croatian Agency for Agriculture and Food, Institute for Plant Protection, Gorice 68b, Zagreb, Croatia
*Corresponding author; E-mail: abisko@agr.hr

 

Abstract
This paper presents data on citrus fruit cultivation in Croatia and its major production areas, data on plant material production: species, rootstocks and cultivars, plantation area, pests and diseases and on the trade balance
of fresh- and dry produce. Regarding the national fruit production area, citrus fruits come sixth with a total of
1,885.60 ha:mandarin 1,816.67 ha, (96.34%), lemon 33.47 ha (1.78%) and orange 33.39 ha (1.77%). According to the plant material production data, the most common rootstock is poncirus (PoncirustrifoliataL., Raf.)
with a share of 95.43%. The most common mandarin cultivars are ‘KowanoWase’, ‘Chahara’, ‘Zorica’,
‘Owari’, ‘Okitsu’. Mediterranean fruit fly, grey citrus scale, citrus whitefly and citrus red mite are the most
harmful citrus pests in Croatia, while graft-transmissible diseases, anthracnose, green and blue mould are major diseases. Republic of Croatia is the exporter of mandarin fruits and importer of orange, lemon and grapefruit fruits.

Post Author: MVhDC39RHa