The Study of Pomological Characteristics of Cherry Cultivars


1 Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Agricultural University of Tirana /Address: “Siri Kodra” St, 132/1, Tirana, Albania

2 Faculty of Biotechnology and Food, Agricultural University of Tirana / Address: Koder Kamëz, Tirana 1029, Albania.
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Traditional cherry cultivars represent important plant genetic resources. The aim of this study was to assess and analyze the pomological characteristics of five cherry accessions, AGB 3196, AGB 3194, AGB 3201, AGB 3244, AGB 3169, at the national collection of fruit trees, in Valias, using UPOV Code and cherry descriptors. During the vegetation period of the years 2018 and 2019 there were characterized and evaluated the following characteristics: tree habitat brunches, tree vigor, season of flowering and maturity, fruit size, fruit shape, fruit flesh color, flesh juiciness, ratio sugar/acid,  length of fruit stalk, stone size, stone shape. The results were statistically processed. The pomological characteristics that were studied revealed that these accessions are unique. The accessions AGB 3194 and AGB 3201 were evaluated with the best characteristics for the fruit quality. The results of the present research provide the establishment of a database with pomological data and assist the gene bank to analyze and to achieve better knowledge of the accessions conserved ex –situ, which could be useful both for scientists and growers.

Keywords: accession; cherry; genetic resources.