EDI FERO1, ALI LILO2, ANITA KONI3, TONI KIRANDJISKI4, ROBERT CONNOR3,4, XHELIL KOLECI3*
1PhD student, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Brucellosis is an important bacterial disease in animals and human. It is one of major neglected zoonotic diseases and more than half million humans are infected annually. In Albania, Brucella melitensis and B. abortus circulate in both large and small ruminants. Application of a national control strategy to control sheep and goat brucellosis and a recently applied control programme to control bovine brucellosis in large dairy herds have played a significant role in reducing the risk of disease transmission and the number of human cases. The correct application of the current approved strategy to control sheep and goat brucellosis, extending the present bovine brucellosis control programme to include small dairy herds, and designing an appropriate strategy to control bovine brucellosis in beef herds will ensure improved control of brucellosis.
Keywords: Bovine, sheep and goat brucellosis, B. melitensis, B. abortus, control strategy.