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The Influencing Factors on Unemployment Level in Albaniapen Access)
1Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economy and Agribusiness, Department of Finance and Accounting / Tirana, Albania
2Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economy and Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness Management / Tirana, Albania
This paper aims to reveal the importance of the relationship between unemployment and other independent variables in the case of Albania. Many studies have been conducted over the years in different countries to discover a link between unemployment and GDP growth, unemployment and immigration, unemployment and poverty as well as between average wage and unemployment. We have attempted to make a summary of the main studies in the field of unemployment. Undoubtedly a presentation of the performance of this in dicator in European countries is needed to understand its current situation. Other important issues are the impact of the economic and financial crisis on unemployment rates and the impact that unemployment itself has on young people life choices. We have included a brief development of the Albanian unemployment history since the 1990s and a comparison with the poverty indicator. Using Gretl, a cross-platform software package for econometric analysis, we aim to discover the important relationships between the variables followed by our conclusions and some recommendations for this current and comprehensive problem.
Keywords: Runemployment; GDP growth; poverty; average wage.
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Heavy Metals Accumulation in Liver Tissue of Red Mullet and European Hakepen Access)
1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Mercury, lead, cadmium and chrome concentration levels were determined in liver tissue of two different fish species of Adriatic Sea, Red mullet (Mullus barbatus) and European hake (Merluccius merluccius). The concentration levels of heavy metals were measured by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). Heavy metals concentration in both liver tissue of fish species ranged as follows, Hg: 0.02-0.15, Pb: nd-0.04, Cd: 0.11-0.22, Cr: 0.10-0.13 (mg/kg wet weight). As expected, liver tissue of red mullet showed differentvariation of mercury (p<0.001), as well as variation between same fish species with different weight. The result of the study confirmed the fact that liver tissue of Red mullet and European hake are an important location and indicator of heavy metal pollution. Based on the economic and culinary importance of both fish species among consumers it will be of specific interest the further monitoring with the goal to safeguard the consumers health.
Keywords: Heavy metals, European hake, liver tissue, red mullet