Laboratory Findings and Imagery Diagnosis of Pyometra in Bitches

MARTIN LLAZANI1, ALKETA QOKU2, LULJETA DHASKALI2*

1Vet Hospital, Rr. “Hiqmet Buzi”, Tirane

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Koder- Kamez, Tirane, Albania.

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Abstract

The data relating to this study has been generated from fifty-nine clinical cases of pyometra of different breed and aged dogs presented to the hospital “Pet hospital”, and at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tirana, Albania during 2018-2019 period. All animals were physically examined and lab parameters and ultrasonographic examinations were carried out. In yet another our study, the mean age of dogs with pyometra was 7.6 years.
Anemia was seen in 38.9 % of animals. Leukocytosis with regenerative left shift was evident in 67.7% of animals with pyometra (mean 17 000/mm3 blood). Granulocytes were over 80% in 69.5% of bitches under study.
BIOKIMIKET Some biochemical values encountered in the study, reported elevated ALP (267.7±52.4 U/L), ALT (150.77±23.5U/L) and BUN (33.3 ± 3.8 mg/dl). Blood biochemistry included increase of Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Phosphatase alkaline (ALP) concentration in 57 % of cases.
The efficacy of ultrasonography diagnosis was 100% on open-cervix pyometra and 82.7% on closed-cervix pyometra. Ultrasonography showed that 18% of bitches with pyometra were associated with peritoneal inflammation. Ultrasonography was confirmed by ovariohysterectomy. The aim of our study was to emphasize that together lab parameters and ultrasonography evaluation, like as diagnostic tools, could be good means in early diagnosis of pyometra in bitches in order to help in predicting the treatment and to ensure animal welfare.

Keywords: dog; lab parameters; pyometra; ultrasonography.

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