JACEK MAŚNIAK1*, ANDRZEJ JĘDRUCHNIEWICZ2
1Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Warsaw, ORCID 0000-0002-2226-0618
2 Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Life Sciences-SGGW, Warsaw, ORCID 0000-0002-3133-6880
*Corresponding author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of the article is to present the process of agricultural land privatization in Poland, taking into account the role that this policy has played in terms of shaping the Polish agricultural model, based on family households. The purpose of the agrarian system shaping policy is the protection and development of family households. To this end, said group of agricultural households is being granted privileges in terms of access to agricultural land. From an economic point of view, it translates into replacing market allocation with political decisions. The sale of agricultural land on behalf of the state was conducted by the Agricultural Property Agency. Between 1992 and 2016, the total of over 2.6 million ha of agricultural land (amounting to 55% of all the acquired land) were sold. Natural persons acquired the total of 81% of privatized agricultural land, with the 19% being acquired by legal entities. In the years 2005-2016, the prices of agricultural land demonstrated an upward trend. The prices obtained by the Agency were very close to the prices on the private market. The average price amounted to EUR 4,271 per 1 ha in case of state-owned land, to EUR 4,454 per 1 ha in case of private land.
Keywords: agriculture; agricultural land privatization; family household; land market.