Evaluation of public parks based on users’ perceptions: A comparative study between Tirana and Milan


1Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Agricultural University of Tirana

2Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences – Production, Landscape, Agroenergy, University of Milan,

3Department of Agribusiness Management, Agricultural University of Tirana

*Corresponding author  e-mail: zteqja@ubt.edu.al  

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Varied activities in parks and other urban green areas can be a promising instrument to decrease the human stress level. The monotonous modern life style offers not enough possibilities for nature activities. This study analyses the landscape characteristics and visitors preferences in two urban parks of Milan, Italy and Tirana, Albania. The preferences of landscape elements are examined using descriptive analysis for both parks. The study was conducted during July – September 2017 in Milan and December 2017 – January 2018 in Tirana. A total of 303 questionnaires were filled by park users, of which 153 in Milan and 150 in Tirana. The aim of the study is to investigate the recreational needs of urban parks users and asses the landscape components of green spaces that affect more nature visits. The data collected were analyzed through SPSS 23 package. According to the results of this analysis the ages of visitors in both parks range from 20-30 to 40-50 years old. The main reason citizens visit the park in Milan is to meet friends and to play with children, while in Tirana the main reason is for walking and for lunch. The visitors in both parks highly evaluate the presence of green areas in the park. The users in both parks are concerned about the lack of water taps, covered places and hygiene services. The study concludes with recommendations for municipality authorities in cities of Milan and Tirana regarding planning, orientation, design, management and protection of urban green spaces that will result in increased satisfaction and well-being of people.

Keywordslandscape; urban parks; questionnaires.

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