Green Criminology and Criminological Aspects of Criminal Offenses against the Environment

ENKELA HOXHA1*, ORKIDA TOTOJANI1

1Department of Agribusiness Direction, Faculty of Economics and Agribusiness, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania

*Corresponding author e-mail: enkelahoxha@gmail.com

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Abstract:

Green criminology studies environmental damage, environmental legislation and the entire regulatory framework in the field of environment. The criminal offense group against the environment has occupied a specific weight with a downward trend until 2011, where after this year there has been an increase in the indicators of prosecution of these offenses. Criminological aspects of criminal acts against the environment show some characteristics that are related to the type of offenses, the place of commission of offenses, age, gender, education, employment etc. Some of these characteristics are considered criminogenic factors that have influenced the performance of criminal offenses against the environment. Protecting the criminal justice legal environment as any other task of criminal legislation can only be realized if environmental protection against the criminal offenses directed against it is accompanied by and with their prevention. In addition to the preventive role that the punishment policy itself can have, other preventive measures have an equally important role in environmental criminality. Prevention of environmental damage should be achieved mainly through other noncriminal measures. The methodology used is analytical, descriptive and comparative for the offenses provided in Chapter IV of the Criminal Code.
Keywords: green criminology; prevention of environmental damage

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