¹Regional Unit of Food and Veterinary Inspection, FYROM, Macedonia
2Department of Animal Heath, Food Safety and Veterinary Institute, Tirana, Albania
² Department of Clinical Subjects, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
*Corresponding author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
A. caninum is probably the most encountering intestinal parasites of dogs. This parasite infects all ages and is also life-threatening to puppies. This parasite is also related with zoonotic transmission and represents a potentially significant public health concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible presence of Ancylostoma in Tetova region, Western Macedonia. For this purpose, from June until December 2017 are collected 150 feces from dogs of different ages, race and maintenance conditions. The study was conducted among dogs from two different locations, which included dogs from rural and urban areas. The feces are tested by the centrifugation-flotation technique that is more sensitive than flotation techniques. In our study we have observed the zoonotic genera A.caninum in 98 dogs or in 65.3 %. 52 feces resulted negative for A.caninum but they were infected with other parasites mostly by T.vulpis and T.canis. The present study determines the situation about the zoonotic parasites A.caninum in dogs from urban and rural areas of Tetova region, Macedonia. The results indicated that rural dogs are more exposed to A.caninum infection. The most part of dog parasites are highly host-specific but Ancylostoma caninum has very importance from the veterinary and human perspective. Discussed in this article is the situation of this parasites presence in the interested area. This study is also important for understanding the potential role of dogs as possible reservoir hosts of human hookworm infections. Other studies should be performed having in focus the soil contamination of this area from A.caninum.
Keywords: dogs, endo parasites, zoonosis, hookworms