1Department of Clinical Subjects, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
*Corresponding author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Glaucoma consists in increasing intraocular pressure in the eye. It may be acute or chronic and is a consequence of changes in the flow of water. The diagnosis of glaucoma is based on history, clinical signs, tonometry and gonocopy. Clinical signs of glaucoma include: increased watering, mucous or yellow mucus, frosted eyes, blue-looking eyes, midriatic pupils that do not respond to light sources, high sleep, animal tends to hide or suddenly wild. In general, normal intraocular pressure for most animals ranges from 15-25 mmHg. The medication includes the use of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, osmotic agents, beta-blockers adrenergic, parasympathomimetics, alpha 2-adrenoreceptor agonists and latanoprost. Not all medicines used in human glaucoma are used for glaucoma in animals because many of them are very expensive while some others exhibit undesirable side effects. This study was made possible by taking into consideration all cases presented at the Clinic of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine during the period October 2015 – October 2017. The further completion of the study was carried out through the data collected from some private clinics of the city and Tirana. During the study period, they all underwent medical treatment. Vision or potential for vision of the affected eye must be assessed before appropriate therapy can be employed. Eyes afflicted with chronic glaucoma are usually irreversibly blind and uncomfortable. Blind eyes with acute glaucomamay still have potential for vision provided the intraocular pressure (IOP) can be normalized in a timely manner and the disease is still in its early stages.
Keywords: Glaucoma, Veterinary, intraocular pressure, glaucoma treatment.