The Importance of Seed Stands in Broadleaved Forestry in Kosovo

BISLIM RRUSTEMI1, VATH TABAKU2, FATMIR LAÇEJ2

1Kosovo Forest Agency, Gjilani Region ()
2Agricultural University of Tirana, Department of Forestry

*Corresponding author e-mail: bislimrrustemi@hotmail.com

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Abstract:

The choice of seed source is decisive for the success of plantings. To avoid mistakes the consumer must know which seed sources are available and to what extent they will match the planting site and the purpose of the planting programmes. A project from FAO financed supports the implementation of Forest Strategy in Kosovo. According to this project from now to the year 2026, Kosovo must plant about 3,000 ha annually of forest with native tree species such as: beech (F. silvatica), oaks (Quercus sp.). Seed requirement for this planting plan is very great, but present capability of seed supply of the mentioned species from seed stands can’t meet this requirement. Seed from appropriate provenances only should be used. Where possible home-collected seed from registered seed stands should be used and applicants in Kosovo are encouraged to ask for plants from Kosovo seed. Selected seed provides a reliable source of well-adapted plants at a modest cost. It is important that the best broadleaved stands are registered as future seed sources. This paper aims to set down establishment procedures for seed stands in the natural broadleaved forests of Kosovo. The high rate of cutting for industrial uses and fuel-wood in many parts of Kosovo has created a situation of severe dysgenic exploitation which can be mitigated by setting aside high quality stands for seed production. The location of the seed sources of beech and oaks, were described and the boundaries were demarcated in the field. In default of information on origin careful estimation of the adaptability, growth and reproductive ability of the stand were carried out. The first step taken in delineation was to produce an accurate map of the distribution of seed sources. The second step was to determine the original and large scale of populations. These main populations were then examined for lesser discontinuities resulting from soil types, mountain ridges and human interference. At the end 4 stands were selected of 5 ha area and necessary data were collected in the field. To realise this benefit detailed procedures for stand selection, mapping, inventory, thinning, isolation, registration and future management are required which are suitable for application in the unmanaged stands of broadleaved species..

Keywords: seed stands establishment; provenance; tree improvement; seed sources; seed orchards; improved genetic quality.

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