ALBERT KOPALI* ADRIAN DOKO
Department of Agro-Environment and Ecology, Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania
*Corresponding author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Agriculture is one of the most interested sectors in climate studies, because the agriculture activity is very sensitive to meteorological yearly progress as temperature and rain falls. Studying the dryness effects present of yearly periods is with a special interest in agriculture, because many plants are autumn and spring sowing and they feels the stress conditions that it is due to lack of rainfall. Repeating long drought periods combined with other reasons can cause potentially serious damage to water resources . Adding to this conditions of climatic changing situation which according to numerous studies conducted on climate change and its effects, have shown an increasing trend in the values of average temperatures and a decrease in amount of rainfall which is evident on Mediterranean region and in Albania too . Evaluation of ecological factors particularly determining the climatic dryness periods of the year, becomes more difficult when these assessments are made for local spaces. For the territorial planning of agricultural systems purposes and their management on local conditions, especially in dry and semi-dried areas, takes a significant determination of dryness year periods with which it is closely related the crop production. This study aims at determining the periods of dryness of the year in Albanian conditions, studying it closely linked with the expected climate change in the agricultural interest areas.
Key words: climate, agro-clime, temperature, precipitation, drought period