Forestry seedlings production by biotechnological methods, the forestry of 21th century in Albania.

HASAN CANI1, ARSEN PROKO2, VATH TABAKU2

1Ministry of Environment,

2Faculty of Forestry Sciences AUT

*Corresponding author e-mail: hasan_cani@yahoo.com

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Abstract

The forest biotechnology on the Faculty of Forestry Sciences is an interdisciplinary research dedicated to the development and application of advanced technology for the enhancement of forest regeneration and adaptation. Technical capabilities include Eco physiology, forest ecology, tissue culture and adaptation to climate change mitigation. These techniques are also being used to improve nursery culture regimes, pest’s management by biological fighting, planting regimes and new product development for a variety of broadleaf species (Oaks under ecological stress). Successful regeneration relies on the application of work from many forestry disciplines toward the common goal. At the center of any successful program is the production of high-quality seedlings that have god performance on reforestation site. Performance of an reforestation site depends on seedlings growth potential to be expressed. Seedlings growth potential is influenced by the inherent genetic make-up of source material and the culture used during nursery development. If these attributes can be directed toward improving seedling growth on a reforestation site, then the potential productivity of reforestation/afforestation will be increased. Disciplines that are oriented toward improving these faces of producing high-quality seedlings are the main focus of Forest biotechnology, the main objectives of which have been: (i) defining forest species through ecophysiological parameters; (ii) developing advanced propagation systems through somatic embryogenesis tissue culture technology; (iii) applying ecophysiological assessment techniques in supporting seedling production, improved quality and reforestation site performance. The first results, presented in this paper, have been optimistic, but still the profound studies are needed. The main benefit impacts using biotechnology methods in forestry are: (i) a model of sustainable development, (ii) maintaining forest biodiversity, (iii) extending to new areas. As the conclusion the Commercialization of biological technologies for forest tree species promise to dramatically lower raw material costs, maximize processing efficiencies, minimize environmental impacts, and improve product performances

Key words: tissue culture, ecophysiology, forest oak species, cost effectiveness.

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