Peculiarities of wheat leaf disease distribution in coastal area in Albania

ZHANETA SHAHINI1, HEKURAN VRAPI2*, SKENDER VARAKU2

1National Authority of Food. Durrës. Albania

2Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture & Environment,Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania

*Corresponding author: e-mail: hvrapi@gmail.com;

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Abstract

Septoria leaf blotch (Septoria tritici), leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) and powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis) are the most important wheat leaf diseases in costal area in Albania. Observations were done every weak starting from tillering till milk ripening in wheat production fields. It was carried out in “Kaloshi” farm in Grabian village, Lushnja the district of Fier in year 2011Based on the data obtained during surveys conducted to determine the most frequent air diseases of wheat in the low coastal area, Lushnja, for 2011, we can say that: First affections from the powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis) of wheat was observed since the first survey, March 15, with a level of disease incidence 3 %, and then during the middle of April disease incidence from diseases, was 12 %. During the beginning of April were observed Septoria leaf blotch (Septoria tritici) disease incidence by 5% and then at the end of May to the maximum value of 25%. Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) on leaves was observed in mid-April at the extent of 2 %, where at the end of May reached the maximum value of 23 %. Changes in disease epidemics were determined and showed the differences between the analyzed diseases.

Key-words: Wheat, brown rust, septoria leaf blotch, powdery mildew, disease incidence.

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