Propagation of Kiwi fruit with green cuttings under greenhouse conditions.


Agricultural University of Tirana, Department of Horticulture, KodërKamëz, Tirana, Albania

2DBUMK, Lezhë

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In our country Kiwi was imported from France during the 1970s, a period that coincides with its cultivation in the Republic of Macedonia and in other regional countries especially in the ex-republics of Yugoslavia. The first saplings were placed in a national nursery in Lushnja and according to the researchers of that period this plant adapted well to the conditions, providinghigh experimental yields. In the Albanian market, the Kiwi fruit was introduced after 1991, with imported products from Greece and Italy. While in 1994 the first kiwi seedlings imported from Montenegro were planted in Balldre-Lezhe area. To scientifically conduct the production of Kiwi seedlings from vegetative rootstocks, specialists from the University of Agriculture and farmers in Lezha District conducted different rooting tests in greenhouses with controlled temperatures and an automated irrigation system.The plantings were conducted at the beginning of every month starting from May till October. The experiment was conceived in 7 variants and 3 repetitions, while planting 150 vegetative rootstock\variant or approximately 1200 vegetative rootstocks in total. The testing variant was planted without any kind of stimulation. At the end of the experiment it resulted that the best rooting was achieved from planting the vegetative rootstocks during the months of June and July, while the worst rooting occurred from planting the rootstocks during the months of May and September. The optimal percentage of IBA Crystalline is 2500 and 3000 ppm and IBA talc is 2000 ppm.

Keywords: vegetative rootstocks, variant, repetition, spry irrigation system, phytohormones, IBA talc, IBA crystalline. 

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