Screening of quinolone antibiotic residues in beef sold in Kosovo


1Veterinary Doctor in Podujevo Region, Kosovo,

2Faculty of Biotechnology and Food, Agricultural University of Tirana, Kamëz, Tirana

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This study aimed to find the effects of quinolone antibiotics in beef used in three regions of Kosovo. Total numbers of 89 beef meat samples were collected randomly from local meat shops for analysis. Extraction and determination of quinolones were made by ELISA procedure. Among the beef samples, 14 (15.7%) of beef meat samples were positive for quinolones. The mean levels (±SE) of quinolones were found to be in average of 28.22 ± 1.11 µg/kg in samples respectively for enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and flumequin. This study indicated that some beef meat sold in Kosovo contains residues of quinolone antibiotics. From the evaluation of tested samples is found positive the presence of enrofloxacin in 6 (6.7%) beef meat samples and respectively for ciprofloxacin and fumequin in 3 (3, 35%) and in 5(5, 6%) beef meat samples. Study results confirmed quinolone residues in beef sold in Kosovo as constitute and serious risk for public health. Use of quinolones in treatment of cattle diseases in Kosovo remain an effective method of diseases control but are considered a common way of residues in beef produced and sold in Kosovo.

Keywords: residue, quinolone, beef, meat, cattle, Kosovo.

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