The palynomorphological characteristics of Anthemis in Albania

ANXHELA DAUTI1*, GEZIM KAPIDANI2, BLERINA PUPULEKU1, NIKOLETA KALLAJXHIU1, ADMIR JANCE1

1University “Aleksandër Xhuvani”, FNS, Department of Biology and Chemistry, Elbasan, Albania,

2University of Tirana, FNS, Department of Biology, Tirane, Albania,

* Corresponding author Email: dauti.anxhela@yahoo.com

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Abstract

The genus Anthemis L. is the second largest genus of the tribe Anthemideae of Asteraceae family. It comprises about 210 species, distributed widely in Europe, south-west Asia, north and north-east Africa and extending into extreme southern Arabia and tropical east Africa. The plants of genus Anthemis are annual and perennial herbs with beautiful and attractive flowers. The article includes the palynomorphological study of the main members of genus Anthemis in Albania. In this article submitted comparative features of the species: Anthemis altissima , Anthemis carpatica, Anthemis chia, Anthemis orientalis, Anthemis tomentosa, Anthemis triumfetti, Anthemis arvensis and Anthemis tinctoria. The material for the study was obtained in NationalHerbarium in Tirana. For the study of palynomorphological features are analyzed 31 pollen grains from each species. The treatment of material is made with acetolysis method and basic fuchsine. The fixing of pollen grains is made with glycerin gelatin. The study and photos of pollen grains are realized with light microscope with 1000x power. The pollen grains of plants above are spheroidal or oblate spheroidal, three furrows three pores. The exine appearsthick and has two-layers. The sculpture of exine is echinate. The work is part of the palynological study of general members in Asteraceae family in our country.

Key Words: Anthemis, palynomorphological, pollen grains, exine, spines.

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